A1.2 - Closed alpine grasslands

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 4Herb rich beech woodland0,1
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland0,01
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests18,36
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests4,02
 16Subalpine and alpine vegetation73,39
 17Bogs and mires4,13

distribution in phytogeographical districts
code phytogeographical district%
93Krkonoše70,29
96Králický Sněžník1,59
97Hrubý Jeseník28,12
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
809,31360.01031764,5984571,60020,00057798238,122089

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Vipera berus berus  (VU) Zootoca vivipara vivipara  (NT)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Anthus spinoletta  (CR) Carduelis flammea  (NT) Oenanthe oenanthe  (EN) Prunella collaris  (CR)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 36 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Carex bigelowii62,5C
Homogyne alpina47C
Hieracium alpinum43,5
Nardus stricta41,3C, Dm
Festuca supina35,7
Avenella flexuosa28,7C, Dm
Diphasiastrum alpinum26,7
Solidago virgaurea25,9C
Thamnolia vermicularis21,8
Pulsatilla alpina ssp. austriaca20,8
Trichophorum cespitosum19,7
Calamagrostis villosa18,3C
Veratrum album ssp. lobelianum16,9
Anthoxanthum odoratum s.lat.15,9C
Vaccinium myrtillus15,5C
Barbilophozia floerkei15
Cetraria islandica14,8
Galium saxatile14,7
Luzula sylvatica14,5
Pinus mugo14
Hypochaeris uniflora13,8
Bistorta major13,2C
Molinia caerulea s.lat.12,6C, Dm
Calluna vulgaris12,6
Vaccinium vitis-idaea10,1

constant species

speciesvalueother
Nardus stricta100Dg, Dm
Avenella flexuosa92Dg, Dm
Homogyne alpina67Dg
Anthoxanthum odoratum s.lat.67Dg
Vaccinium myrtillus50Dg
Carex bigelowii47Dg
Solidago virgaurea44Dg
Calamagrostis villosa42Dg
Bistorta major39Dg
Molinia caerulea s.lat.33Dg, Dm

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Nardus stricta44Dg, C
Molinia caerulea s.lat.17Dg, C
Avenella flexuosa6Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Carici fyllae-Nardetum (VU) Festuco supinae-Nardetum (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.