A4.1 - Subalpine tall grasslands

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 4Herb rich beech woodland0,23
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland1,63
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests36,28
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests3,2
 16Subalpine and alpine vegetation56,82
 17Bogs and mires1,85

distribution in phytogeographical districts
code phytogeographical district%
88Šumava2,75
93Krkonoše40,06
97Hrubý Jeseník57,19
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
759,78490.00965871,29448,27690,0021511928,9305808

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Vipera berus berus  (VU) Zootoca vivipara vivipara  (NT)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Anthus pratensis  (LC) Saxicola rubetra  (LC)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Sorex alpinus  (VU)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 138 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Ligusticum mutellina32,3
Veratrum album ssp. lobelianum31,4C
Calamagrostis villosa30,9C, Dm
Rumex arifolius30,5C
Gentiana asclepiadea30,1
Viola lutea ssp. sudetica26,9
Anemone narcissiflora24,4
Trientalis europaea24,1C
Pleurospermum austriacum23,2
Poa chaixii22,1
Avenula planiculmis21,6
Homogyne alpina21,5
Festuca supina21,4
Silene vulgaris21,3C
Thesium alpinum21
Campanula barbata21
Sorbus sudetica20,8
Potentilla aurea20,7
Avenella flexuosa20,6C
Melampyrum sylvaticum19,6
Hypochaeris uniflora19,3
Aconitum plicatum19,3
Solidago virgaurea18,6C
Bistorta major18,5C
Rhinanthus pulcher16,5
Luzula luzuloides16,5C
Polygonatum verticillatum16,4
Luzula sylvatica16,4
Athyrium distentifolium15,9
Vaccinium myrtillus15,8C
Epilobium alpestre15,5
Gnaphalium norvegicum14,9
Crepis conyzifolia14,9
Calamagrostis arundinacea14,2C, Dm
Scabiosa lucida14
Bupleurum longifolium ssp. vapincense14
Thymus pulcherrimus ssp. sudeticus13,4
Delphinium elatum13,4
Ranunculus platanifolius13,3
Allium schoenoprasum13,2
Digitalis grandiflora12,7
Viola biflora12,4
Potentilla erecta11,9C
Salix hastata11,5
Hieracium aurantiacum11,4
Pulsatilla alpina ssp. austriaca11,1
Oxystegus cylindricus10,9
Geranium sylvaticum10,9
Nardus stricta10,6
Lilium martagon10,6
Molinia caerulea s.lat.10,5Dm
Lescuraea incurvata10,3
Senecio nemorensis agg.10,1C

constant species

speciesvalueother
Calamagrostis villosa67Dg, Dm
Avenella flexuosa67Dg
Bistorta major51Dg
Vaccinium myrtillus50Dg
Luzula luzuloides46Dg
Potentilla erecta44Dg
Senecio nemorensis agg.38Dg
Deschampsia cespitosa36Dm
Veratrum album ssp. lobelianum35Dg
Silene vulgaris34Dg
Calamagrostis arundinacea34Dg, Dm
Rumex arifolius33Dg
Trientalis europaea32Dg
Anthoxanthum odoratum s.lat.32
Solidago virgaurea31Dg

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Calamagrostis villosa17Dg, C
Deschampsia cespitosa15C
Molinia caerulea s.lat.10Dg
Calamagrostis arundinacea9Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Crepido-Calamagrostietum villosae (NT) Sphagno compacti-Molinietum coeruleae (NT) Sileno vulgaris-Calamagrostietum villosa (NT) Violo sudeticae-Deschampsietum cespitosa (NT) Bistorto-Deschampsietum alpicolae (NT) Bupleuro-Calamagrostietum arundinaceae (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.