L3.1 - Hercynian oak-hornbeam forests

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 1Alluvial woodland3,35
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland69,39
 3Ravine and scree woodland0,04
 4Herb rich beech woodland8
 5Calcicolous beech woodland0,02
 6Herb rich silver fir forest0,13
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland3,42
 8Perialpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak woodland0,22
 9Subcontinental thermophilous oak woodland0,05
 10Subacidophilous central European thermophilous oak woodland1,73
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland13,45
 12Basiphilous perialpine pine forests0,04
 17Bogs and mires0
 18Vegetation on sites strongly influenced by human activity0,15
 19Water bodies0,01

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
95111,92341.206383162,482398,36930,00032761720,512621

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Amanita caesarea  (CR) Amanita vittadinii  (CR) Biscogniauxia simplicior  (CR) Boletus fechtneri  (EN) Boletus regius  (VU) Camarophyllopsis foetens  (VU) Gyromitra fastigiata  (EN) Hymenogaster vulgaris  (VU) Chamaemyces fracidus  (NT) Otidea concinna  (EN) Pluteus aurantiorugosus  (EN) Volvariella caesiotincta  (EN)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Rana dalmatina  (NT) Salamandra salamandra salamandra  (VU)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Anguis fragilis colchicus  (NE) Anguis fragilis fragilis  (LC)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Accipiter gentilis  (VU) Accipiter nisus  (VU) Caprimulgus europaeus  (EN) Columba oenas  (VU) Corvus corax  (VU) Corvus corone  (NT) Dryocopus martius  (LC) Ficedula albicollis  (NT) Ficedula hypoleuca  (NT) Ficedula parva  (VU) Luscinia megarhynchos  (LC) Milvus milvus  (CR) Muscicapa striata  (LC) Oriolus oriolus  (LC) Pernis apivorus  (EN) Scolopax rusticola  (VU) Sylvia nisoria  (VU)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Eliomys quercinus  (EN) Glis glis  (DD) Nyctalus leisleri  (DD) Sciurus vulgaris  (NE)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 349 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Stellaria holostea37,2C
Galium sylvaticum36,5C
Carpinus betulus34,8C, Dm
Hepatica nobilis32,9C
Convallaria majalis30,6C
Lathyrus vernus29,3C
Quercus petraea agg.27,8C, Dm
Poa nemoralis27,3C
Melica nutans26,2C
Tilia cordata25,4C, Dm
Pulmonaria officinalis s.lat.24,3C
Dactylis polygama24C
Viola riviniana23,2C
Hieracium murorum23,2C
Polygonatum multiflorum22,5C
Festuca heterophylla21,9
Quercus robur21,7C, Dm
Lathyrus niger21,6
Hieracium sabaudum21,5C
Melampyrum nemorosum21,3
Fragaria vesca19C
Maianthemum bifolium18,8C
Anemone nemorosa18,7C
Pyrethrum corymbosum18,5C
Corylus avellana18,3C
Campanula persicifolia18,3C
Campanula trachelium17,5
Carex digitata17,4
Carex montana17,1
Melampyrum pratense16,3
Fragaria moschata15,6
Viola reichenbachiana15,2C
Acer campestre15,2
Scrophularia nodosa14,9C
Luzula luzuloides14,6C
Anemone ranunculoides14,6
Hieracium lachenalii14,5
Neottia nidus-avis14,4
Crataegus laevigata14,4
Calamagrostis arundinacea13,9C
Atrichum undulatum13,9
Bromus benekenii13,7
Cyclamen purpurascens13,6
Melittis melissophyllum13,3
Campanula rapunculoides13,1
Lilium martagon13
Asarum europaeum12,8
Clinopodium vulgare12,5
Knautia drymeia12,4
Cornus sanguinea12,3
Viola mirabilis12,1
Brachypodium sylvaticum12
Betula pendula11,6
Euphorbia dulcis11,1
Sanicula europaea11
Lonicera xylosteum10,2
Vinca minor10,1
Populus tremula10

constant species

speciesvalueother
Poa nemoralis86Dg
Carpinus betulus77Dg, Dm
Stellaria holostea66Dg
Quercus petraea agg.64Dg, Dm
Melica nutans58Dg
Hieracium murorum58Dg
Pulmonaria officinalis s.lat.54Dg
Lathyrus vernus54Dg
Galium sylvaticum54Dg
Convallaria majalis52Dg
Tilia cordata48Dg, Dm
Hepatica nobilis48Dg
Fragaria vesca48Dg
Veronica chamaedrys agg.47
Anemone nemorosa47Dg
Maianthemum bifolium42Dg
Viola reichenbachiana40Dg
Luzula luzuloides40Dg
Hieracium sabaudum40Dg
Quercus robur38Dg, Dm
Polygonatum multiflorum38Dg
Viola riviniana33Dg
Scrophularia nodosa33Dg
Pyrethrum corymbosum33Dg
Corylus avellana33Dg
Calamagrostis arundinacea32Dg
Dactylis polygama31Dg
Campanula persicifolia31Dg

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Carpinus betulus26Dg, C
Quercus petraea agg.24Dg, C
Quercus robur8Dg, C
Tilia cordata3Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Melampyro nemorosi-Carpinetum (VU) Tilio-Betuletum (VU) Stellario-Tilietum (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.