L5.1 - Herb-rich beech forests

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 1Alluvial woodland0,45
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland21,86
 3Ravine and scree woodland0,31
 4Herb rich beech woodland60,27
 5Calcicolous beech woodland0,06
 6Herb rich silver fir forest0,12
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland11,87
 8Perialpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak woodland0,05
 9Subcontinental thermophilous oak woodland0,08
 10Subacidophilous central European thermophilous oak woodland0,19
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland4,27
 13Acidophilous pine forests0,02
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests0,43
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests0,01
 17Bogs and mires0,02

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
119995,8721.5215315613,8020473,31420,000430771920,39483

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Cypripedium calceolus  (EN) Tephroseris longifolia moravica  (CR)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Amylocystis lapponica  (CR) Boletus rhodopurpureus  (CR) Boletus satanas  (EN) Camarops tubulina  (CR) Cantharellus friesii  (EN) Cyphella digitalis  (CR) Flammulaster limulatus  (EN) Gyromitra fastigiata  (EN) Hericium erinaceus  (EN) Hericium flagellum  (NT) Hohenbuehelia abietina  (CR) Hydropus atramentosus  (CR) Hydropus subalpinus  (VU) Lactarius acris  (NT) Mycena diosma  (EN) Omphalina epichysium  (EN) Phellinus nigrolimitatus  (VU) Phellinus pouzarii  (CR) Pseudorhizina sphaerospora  (CR) Pycnoporellus fulgens  (CR) Tephrocybe putida  (EN) Tricholoma atrosquamosum  (NT) Tricholoma orirubens  (VU) Tricholoma pardalotum  (EN) Xerula melanotricha  (EN)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Parnassius mnemosyne  (EN)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Bulgarica cana  (EN)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Salamandra salamandra salamandra  (VU) Triturus helveticus helveticus  (CR)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Anguis fragilis colchicus  (NE) Anguis fragilis fragilis  (LC)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Accipiter gentilis  (VU) Accipiter nisus  (VU) Aegolius funereus  (VU) Aquila pomarina  (CR) Columba oenas  (VU) Corvus corax  (VU) Corvus corone  (NT) Dendrocopos leucotos  (EN) Dryocopus martius  (LC) Ficedula albicollis  (NT) Ficedula hypoleuca  (NT) Ficedula parva  (VU) Scolopax rusticola  (VU) Strix uralensis  (CR)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Canis lupus  (CE) Eliomys quercinus  (EN) Felis silvestris  (DD) Glis glis  (DD) Lynx lynx  (EN) Sciurus vulgaris  (NE)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 724 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica41,5C, Dm
Galium odoratum35,1C
Dentaria bulbifera34,4C
Festuca altissima32,3
Dryopteris filix-mas28,3C
Hordelymus europaeus28,1
Mercurialis perennis26,9C
Oxalis acetosella26,8C
Dentaria enneaphyllos26,6
Viola reichenbachiana25,5C
Mycelis muralis23,8C
Galeobdolon luteum s.lat.23,6C
Prenanthes purpurea22,9C
Actaea spicata22
Senecio nemorensis agg.21,8C
Athyrium filix-femina21,8C
Gymnocarpium dryopteris20,6
Melica uniflora19Dm
Abies alba18,4
Acer pseudoplatanus17,7C
Veronica montana17,4
Milium effusum15,9
Carex sylvatica15,2
Sanicula europaea14,6
Euphorbia amygdaloides14,5
Paris quadrifolia14,4
Impatiens noli-tangere14,4C
Dryopteris dilatata13,9
Geranium robertianum13,5C
Rubus fruticosus agg.12,6C
Carex pilosa11,9
Poa nemoralis11,3C
Picea abies10,9C
Maianthemum bifolium10,9
Dryopteris carthusiana10,8
Moehringia trinervia10,7
Lathyrus vernus10

constant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica95Dg, Dm
Oxalis acetosella78Dg
Galium odoratum75Dg
Senecio nemorensis agg.65Dg
Dryopteris filix-mas60Dg
Viola reichenbachiana57Dg
Galeobdolon luteum s.lat.55Dg
Mercurialis perennis54Dg
Athyrium filix-femina52Dg
Mycelis muralis51Dg
Poa nemoralis40Dg
Dentaria bulbifera39Dg
Acer pseudoplatanus36Dg
Prenanthes purpurea35Dg
Rubus fruticosus agg.34Dg
Impatiens noli-tangere34Dg
Picea abies33Dg
Geranium robertianum33Dg
Urtica dioica31
Rubus idaeus31

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica63Dg, C
Melica uniflora3Dg

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Tilio platyphylli-Fagetum (VU) Tilio cordatae-Fagetum (VU) Melico-Fagetum (VU) Carici pilosae-Fagetum (VU) Dentario enneaphylli-Fagetum (VU) Dentario glandulosae-Fagetum (VU) Violo reichenbachianae-Fagetum (VU) Festuco altissimae-Fagetum (VU) Carici remotae-Abietetum (EN) Saniculo europeae-Abietetum (EN)

Photos

(No photos available for this level)
 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.