L5.3 - Limestone beech forests

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 1Alluvial woodland0,33
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland45,26
 3Ravine and scree woodland0,98
 4Herb rich beech woodland21,74
 5Calcicolous beech woodland11,9
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland4,87
 8Perialpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak woodland7,07
 10Subacidophilous central European thermophilous oak woodland1,7
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland6,15

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
947,06080.0125391,757111,49960,0039949033,2886566

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Boletus fechtneri  (EN) Boletus rhodopurpureus  (CR) Boletus satanas  (EN) Cortinarius coerulescens  (EN) Cortinarius nanceiensis  (EN) Gyromitra fastigiata  (EN) Hericium erinaceus  (EN) Lactarius acris  (NT) Otidea concinna  (EN) Tricholoma atrosquamosum  (NT) Tricholoma orirubens  (VU) Tricholoma pardalotum  (EN) Tuber eastivum  (CR) Volvariella caesiotincta  (EN) Xerula melanotricha  (EN)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Salamandra salamandra salamandra  (VU)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Anguis fragilis colchicus  (NE) Anguis fragilis fragilis  (LC)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Accipiter gentilis  (VU) Accipiter nisus  (VU) Aegolius funereus  (VU) Aquila pomarina  (CR) Columba oenas  (VU) Corvus corax  (VU) Corvus corone  (NT) Dryocopus martius  (LC) Ficedula albicollis  (NT) Ficedula hypoleuca  (NT) Ficedula parva  (VU) Scolopax rusticola  (VU) Strix uralensis  (CR)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Glis glis  (DD) Lynx lynx  (EN) Sciurus vulgaris  (NE)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 34 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Cephalanthera damasonium61,2C
Cephalanthera rubra40,4
Hepatica nobilis36,3C
Carex digitata35,9C
Epipactis helleborine s.lat.35,8
Actaea spicata34,9C
Daphne mezereum33,4C
Orthilia secunda32,5
Corallorhiza trifida31,9
Lathyrus vernus31,4C
Mercurialis perennis30,3C
Hedera helix29,1
Aquilegia vulgaris29
Melica nutans28,2C
Fagus sylvatica26,2C, Dm
Neottia nidus-avis26,1
Viola reichenbachiana25,6C
Sanicula europaea25,6C
Abies alba25,6C, Dm
Mycelis muralis24,4C
Hieracium murorum24,2C
Galium sylvaticum23,7C
Vicia sylvatica23,3
Epilobium montanum22,6C
Lilium martagon21,2
Galium rotundifolium21,1
Pyrola minor20,6
Poa nemoralis20,6C
Astragalus glycyphyllos20,1
Fragaria vesca20C
Galium odoratum19,4C
Staphylea pinnata19,1
Sorbus torminalis18,5
Senecio nemorensis agg.18,1C
Pulmonaria officinalis s.lat.16,7C
Rubus saxatilis16,5
Asarum europaeum15,5C
Ranunculus nemorosus15
Viburnum opulus14,9
Brachypodium sylvaticum14,8C
Viola mirabilis14,5
Arabis hirsuta agg.14,5
Campanula trachelium14,1
Melittis melissophyllum14
Inula conyzae14
Acer platanoides13,7
Brachythecium velutinum13,6
Pyrethrum corymbosum13,4
Maianthemum bifolium13C
Campanula rapunculoides12,8
Galeobdolon luteum s.lat.12,2C
Carex montana12,1
Lathyrus niger11,9
Rhamnus cathartica11,8
Cornus sanguinea11,8
Dentaria enneaphyllos11,7
Convallaria majalis11,7
Solidago virgaurea11,6
Corylus avellana11,6
Mnium hornum11,2
Pohlia nutans11
Tilia cordata10,5
Geranium robertianum10,4
Prenanthes purpurea10,3
Pinus sylvestris10,3
Bromus benekenii10,3

constant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica76Dg, Dm
Mercurialis perennis74Dg
Poa nemoralis71Dg
Viola reichenbachiana68Dg
Melica nutans68Dg
Lathyrus vernus65Dg
Hieracium murorum65Dg
Senecio nemorensis agg.62Dg
Mycelis muralis62Dg
Hepatica nobilis62Dg
Carex digitata59Dg
Actaea spicata56Dg
Galium odoratum53Dg
Fragaria vesca53Dg
Daphne mezereum50Dg
Cephalanthera damasonium47Dg
Abies alba44Dg, Dm
Pulmonaria officinalis s.lat.41Dg
Galium sylvaticum41Dg
Epilobium montanum41Dg
Sanicula europaea38Dg
Oxalis acetosella35
Galeobdolon luteum s.lat.35Dg
Avenella flexuosa35
Picea abies32
Maianthemum bifolium32Dg
Brachypodium sylvaticum32Dg
Asarum europaeum32Dg

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica41Dg, C
Abies alba15Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Cephalanthero-Fagetum (VU)

Photos

(No photos available for this level)
 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.