L5.4 - Acidophilous beech forests

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 1Alluvial woodland0,29
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland5,35
 3Ravine and scree woodland0,1
 4Herb rich beech woodland41,54
 5Calcicolous beech woodland0,04
 6Herb rich silver fir forest0,11
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland40,35
 8Perialpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak woodland0,04
 10Subacidophilous central European thermophilous oak woodland0,03
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland9,07
 13Acidophilous pine forests0,09
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests2,79
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests0,08
 16Subalpine and alpine vegetation0,01
 17Bogs and mires0,1

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
165844,8832.1028573572,8914265,85590,000046711784,14733

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Metzgeria fruticulosa  (EN)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Amylocystis lapponica  (CR) Camarops tubulina  (CR) Cantharellus friesii  (EN) Cyphella digitalis  (CR) Flammulaster limulatus  (EN) Hericium flagellum  (NT) Hydropus atramentosus  (CR) Hydropus subalpinus  (VU) Mycena diosma  (EN) Omphalina epichysium  (EN) Phellinus nigrolimitatus  (VU) Phellinus pouzarii  (CR) Pycnoporellus fulgens  (CR) Tephrocybe putida  (EN)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Pterostichus rufitarsis cordatus  (LR) Pterostichus selmanni roubali  (VU)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Salamandra salamandra salamandra  (VU) Triturus helveticus helveticus  (CR)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Anguis fragilis colchicus  (NE) Anguis fragilis fragilis  (LC)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Accipiter gentilis  (VU) Accipiter nisus  (VU) Aegolius funereus  (VU) Aquila pomarina  (CR) Columba oenas  (VU) Corvus corax  (VU) Corvus corone  (NT) Dendrocopos leucotos  (EN) Dryocopus martius  (LC) Ficedula albicollis  (NT) Ficedula hypoleuca  (NT) Ficedula parva  (VU) Scolopax rusticola  (VU) Strix uralensis  (CR)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Canis lupus  (CE) Eliomys quercinus  (EN) Glis glis  (DD) Lynx lynx  (EN) Sciurus vulgaris  (NE)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 434 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica33,6C, Dm
Abies alba22,4C, Dm
Dryopteris dilatata21,8C
Vaccinium myrtillus20,5C
Prenanthes purpurea20,4C
Picea abies20,1C, Dm
Luzula luzuloides20C, Dm
Oxalis acetosella19,3C
Polytrichum formosum18C
Avenella flexuosa17,4C, Dm
Hieracium murorum16,4C
Paraleucobryum longifolium15,5
Maianthemum bifolium15,3C
Calamagrostis arundinacea12,5Dm
Dicranum scoparium12,4
Dicranella heteromalla12,4
Polygonatum verticillatum11,8
Sorbus aucuparia11,4
Athyrium filix-femina11,2C
Senecio nemorensis agg.10,5C
Gymnocarpium dryopteris10,2

constant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica87Dg, Dm
Oxalis acetosella62Dg
Vaccinium myrtillus60Dg
Picea abies56Dg, Dm
Avenella flexuosa55Dg, Dm
Luzula luzuloides51Dg, Dm
Dryopteris dilatata45Dg
Hieracium murorum42Dg
Polytrichum formosum40Dg
Senecio nemorensis agg.38Dg
Prenanthes purpurea35Dg
Maianthemum bifolium35Dg
Abies alba34Dg, Dm
Athyrium filix-femina32Dg
Rubus idaeus31

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Fagus sylvatica53Dg, C
Abies alba5Dg, C
Calamagrostis arundinacea4Dg
Picea abies3Dg, C
Luzula luzuloides3Dg, C
Avenella flexuosa3Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Luzulo-Fagetum (VU) Calamagrostio villosae-Fagetum (EN) Calamagrostio arundinaceae-Fagetum (VU) Dryopterido dilatatae-Fagetum (VU) Luzulo pilosae-Abietetum (EN) Deschampsio flexuosae-Abietetum (EN) Carici-Quercetum (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.