L9.1 - Montane Calamagrostis spruce forests

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland0,09
 4Herb rich beech woodland7,77
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland36,94
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland0
 13Acidophilous pine forests0,39
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests49
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests0,99
 16Subalpine and alpine vegetation3,46
 17Bogs and mires1,36

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
36439,56170.46239839,14882225,71830,000499971910,81694

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Brachythecium geheebii  (EN) Frullania fragilifolia  (CR) Harpanthus scutatus  (CR) Hypnum fertile  (DD) Neckera pennata  (EN) Orthotrichum patens  (EN) Orthotrichum rogeri  (DD) Orthotrichum scanicum  (DD) Orthotrichum stellatum  (CR) Ulota coarctata  (CR) Zygodon dentatus  (EN)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Gerronema chrysophyllum  (CR) Hericium flagellum  (NT) Lactarius repraesentaneus  (NT) Myxomphalia marthae  (CR) Russula consobrina  (VU)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Oreonebria castanea sumavica  (VU)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Pardosa ferruginea  (EN)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Bufo bufo bufo  (LC) Rana temporaria temporaria  (LC) Salamandra salamandra salamandra  (VU) Triturus helveticus helveticus  (CR)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Accipiter gentilis  (VU) Aegolius funereus  (VU) Aquila pomarina  (CR) Bonasa bonasia  (VU) Carduelis flammea  (NT) Ciconia nigra  (VU) Corvus corax  (VU) Dryocopus martius  (LC) Glaucidium passerinum  (VU) Nucifraga caryocatactes  (VU) Parus cristatus  (LC) Phylloscopus trochiloides  (VU) Picoides tridactylus  (EN) Tetrao urogallus (M)  (CR) Turdus torquatus  (EN)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Canis lupus  (CE) Lynx lynx  (EN) Sciurus vulgaris  (NE) Sorex alpinus  (VU) Ursus arctos  (CE)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 123 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Calamagrostis villosa38,3C, Dm
Trientalis europaea38,2C
Picea abies35,5C, Dm
Homogyne alpina34,5C
Luzula sylvatica33,4C
Dryopteris dilatata33,3C
Sphagnum girgensohnii32,8C
Barbilophozia lycopodioides31,6
Vaccinium myrtillus29,8C, Dm
Dicranum scoparium28,8C
Polytrichum formosum28,5C, Dm
Streptopus amplexifolius25,7
Avenella flexuosa25,7C, Dm
Dicranodontium denudatum24,2
Tetraphis pellucida22,9
Lycopodium annotinum20,6
Athyrium distentifolium20,1
Lophozia ventricosa19,4
Rhytidiadelphus loreus18,6
Calypogeia azurea17,9
Plagiothecium laetum17,8
Barbilophozia floerkei16,7
Oxalis acetosella15,6C
Cephalozia bicuspidata14,6
Polytrichum commune14,4
Sorbus aucuparia13,8
Mylia taylorii13,3
Vaccinium vitis-idaea12,8
Ptilidium pulcherrimum12,8
Plagiothecium undulatum12,1
Galium saxatile11,7
Dicranella heteromalla11,4
Polytrichum pallidisetum11,3
Lophozia wenzelii11,2
Lophozia longiflora10,2

constant species

speciesvalueother
Picea abies100Dg, Dm
Vaccinium myrtillus89Dg, Dm
Calamagrostis villosa83Dg, Dm
Avenella flexuosa81Dg, Dm
Dryopteris dilatata73Dg
Polytrichum formosum66Dg, Dm
Dicranum scoparium57Dg
Oxalis acetosella54Dg
Trientalis europaea51Dg
Homogyne alpina45Dg
Sphagnum girgensohnii37Dg
Luzula sylvatica37Dg

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Picea abies63Dg, C
Calamagrostis villosa22Dg, C
Vaccinium myrtillus11Dg, C
Polytrichum formosum9Dg, C
Avenella flexuosa8Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Calamagrostio villosae-Piceetum (VU) Anastrepto-Piceetum Stöcker (EN) Dryopterido dilatatae-Piceetum (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.