R1.5 - Subalpine springs

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland0,02
 4Herb rich beech woodland1,38
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland4,76
 14Climatic and waterlogged spruce forests13,77
 15Montane to supramontane fern-rich spruce forests1,85
 16Subalpine and alpine vegetation73,53
 17Bogs and mires4,7

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
16,76020.0002920,18221,07940,000096659,97848575

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Bryum schleicheri  (CR) Haplomitrium hookeri  (CR) Moerckia hibernica  (CR) Pseudobryum cinclidioides  (EN) Pseudocalliergon trifarium  (CR) Rhizomnium pseudopunctatum  (CR)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Pedicularis sudetica sudetica  (CR)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Erebia sudetica  (VU)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Zootoca vivipara vivipara  (NT)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Sorex alpinus  (VU)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 39 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Philonotis seriata78,7C, Dm
Allium schoenoprasum66,8C, Dm
Swertia perennis65,6C
Dicranella palustris61,1C
Epilobium alsinifolium57,7C
Bartsia alpina53,5C
Scapania uliginosa51,3
Pohlia wahlenbergii45Dm
Blindia acuta42,2
Viola biflora41,3C
Calliergon sarmentosum39,4
Cardamine amara ssp. opicii37,5
Bryum schleicheri37,5
Trichophorum alpinum36,8
Bryum turbinatum35,1
Cratoneuron commutatum35
Selaginella selaginoides32,9
Aconitum plicatum30
Philonotis fontana29,9
Pinguicula vulgaris ssp. vulgaris28
Dichodontium pellucidum27,6
Epilobium nutans26,9
Trichophorum cespitosum23,3
Chaerophyllum hirsutum22,9C
Pedicularis sudetica22,5
Primula minima22,4
Veratrum album ssp. lobelianum22,2
Crepis paludosa21,7C
Scapania undulata21,6
Poa alpina21,6
Epilobium anagallidifolium21,6
Rhizomnium pseudopunctatum20,8
Racomitrium sudeticum20,5
Parnassia palustris20,4
Scapania paludicola20,1
Racomitrium fasciculare20,1
Salix hastata19,4
Adenostyles alliariae18,6
Deschampsia cespitosa18,5C
Bistorta major17,1C
Agrostis rupestris16,9
Rumex arifolius15,8
Molinia caerulea s.lat.14,8C
Viola palustris14,2C
Pellia epiphylla14,2
Aneura pinguis13,2
Hypochaeris uniflora12,9
Brachythecium rivulare12,9
Stellaria alsine12,4
Carex echinata12,1
Carex flava11,6
Trollius altissimus11,2
Potentilla erecta10,7C
Sphagnum russowii10,3
Cratoneuron filicinum10,3
Stellaria nemorum10,1
Bryum pseudotriquetrum10

constant species

speciesvalueother
Deschampsia cespitosa82Dg
Philonotis seriata67Dg, Dm
Crepis paludosa56Dg
Chaerophyllum hirsutum54Dg
Allium schoenoprasum51Dg, Dm
Swertia perennis49Dg
Bistorta major49Dg
Potentilla erecta41Dg
Molinia caerulea s.lat.38Dg
Dicranella palustris38Dg
Epilobium alsinifolium36Dg
Viola palustris33Dg
Bartsia alpina33Dg
Alchemilla vulgaris s.lat.33
Viola biflora31Dg

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Philonotis seriata18Dg, C
Pohlia wahlenbergii8Dg
Allium schoenoprasum8Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Mniobryetum albicantis (NT) Allio sibirici-Cratoneuretum filicini (VU) Allietum sibirici (EN) Crepido paludosae-Philonotidetum seriata (VU) Epilobio alsinifolii-Philonotidetum seri (VU) Swertietum perennis (VU)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.