T5.3 - Festuca sand grasslands

Statistics

(Visualisation of selected environmental variables for habitats: PDF, 28 kB)

elevation [m]

average precipitation [mm]

average temperature [°C]
 

relation to the potential natural vegetation
  code cummulated vegetation unit%
 1Alluvial woodland19,03
 2Oak-hornbeam and lime oak woodland19,85
 4Herb rich beech woodland0,02
 7Acidophilous beech and silver fir woodland4,65
 8Perialpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak woodland0,38
 9Subcontinental thermophilous oak woodland4,67
 10Subacidophilous central European thermophilous oak woodland5,55
 11Acidophilous woodrush-, silver fir-, birch- and pine-oak woodland45,73
 17Bogs and mires0,13

distribution in phytogeographical regions
 Bohemian thermophyticum
 Pannonian thermophyticum
 Bohemian mesophyticum
 Carpathian thermophyticum
 Bohemian oreophyticum
 Carpathian oreophyticum
area [ha] % ČR segment count avg. segm. area [ha] var. coef. segm. area min. area [ha] max. area [ha]
499,30200.00636370,78386,98090,0004963439,6036768

Threatened species

Bryophytes (PDF, 58 kB)

Vascular plants (PDF, 56 kB)

Fungi (PDF, 98 kB)

Beetles - Carabidae (PDF, 52 kB)

Cryptophonus melancholicus  (VU) Cymindis macularis  (LR) Harpalus flavescens  (LR) Harpalus hirtipes  (VU) Harpalus neglectus  (VU) Harpalus picipennis  (LR) Harpalus servus  (LR)

Beetles - Staphylinidae (PDF, 79 kB)

Daily butterflies (PDF, 58 kB)

Spiders (PDF, 57 kB)

Molluscs (PDF, 65 kB)

Fish (PDF, 58 kB)

Amphibians (PDF, 58 kB)

Reptiles (PDF, 58 kB)

Lacerta agilis agilis  (NT) Lacerta viridis viridis  (EN)

Birds (PDF, 58 kB)

Anthus campestris  (CR) Burhinus oedicnemus  (RE) Emberiza hortulana  (CR) Galerida cristata  (EN) Oenanthe oenanthe  (EN)

Mammals (PDF, 58 kB)

Spermophillus citellus  (EN)

Diagnostic, constant and dominant species

(analysed from the total amount of 43 phytosociological relevés)

diagnostic species

speciesvalueother
Armeria vulgaris ssp. vulgaris68,4C
Thymus serpyllum40,6C
Vicia lathyroides37,4
Festuca brevipila37,2
Rumex acetosella36,1C
Cerastium semidecandrum35,9
Potentilla argentea32,3C
Trifolium arvense30,1C
Trifolium campestre28,3C
Herniaria glabra26,8
Cladonia pyxidata26,5
Jasione montana25
Dianthus carthusianorum s.lat.24,9C
Corynephorus canescens24,3
Carex praecox24,2
Helichrysum arenarium23,6
Cladonia furcata23,3
Artemisia campestris22,9C
Sedum sexangulare22,7C
Cerastium arvense22,5C
Euphorbia cyparissias21,8C
Hieracium pilosella21,7C
Ceratodon purpureus21,2C
Erysimum diffusum21,1
Koeleria macrantha20,7C
Carex supina19,9
Gagea minima19,7
Cynodon dactylon19,6
Festuca rupicola19,5C, Dm
Eryngium campestre19,5C
Weissia rutilans18,9
Hypochaeris radicata18,8
Myosotis stricta18,4
Verbascum phoeniceum17,7
Hypericum perforatum17,6C
Libanotis pyrenaica17,4
Polytrichum piliferum17,3
Achillea millefolium agg.16,6C
Stipa borysthenica16,2
Silene otites s.lat.16,1
Carex hirta15,7C
Festuca ovina15,6C, Dm
Veronica verna15,4
Chondrilla juncea15,4
Brachythecium albicans15,2
Berteroa incana15,1
Erophila verna14,6
Tortula ruralis14,4
Plantago lanceolata14C
Euphorbia esula13,9
Pimpinella saxifraga13,5C
Achillea setacea13,5
Cladonia rangiformis13,4
Carex caryophyllea13,4
Agrostis vinealis13,3
Scleropodium purum13,2
Cladonia foliacea13,2
Plantago arenaria12,9
Galium verum agg.12,6C
Festuca vaginata ssp. dominii12,5
Carex curvata12,1
Veronica prostrata12
Cladonia phyllophora11,9
Potentilla arenaria11,4
Agrostis capillaris11,3C
Festuca valesiaca10,9Dm
Arenaria serpyllifolia agg.10,9
Sedum acre10,8
Cetraria aculeata10,7
Poa pratensis s.lat.10,1C
Anthoxanthum odoratum s.lat.10C

constant species

speciesvalueother
Rumex acetosella88Dg
Achillea millefolium agg.88Dg
Euphorbia cyparissias72Dg
Armeria vulgaris ssp. vulgaris72Dg
Plantago lanceolata60Dg
Potentilla argentea56Dg
Hypericum perforatum56Dg
Dianthus carthusianorum s.lat.56Dg
Poa pratensis s.lat.53Dg
Hieracium pilosella53Dg
Festuca rupicola51Dg, Dm
Trifolium arvense49Dg
Koeleria macrantha47Dg
Anthoxanthum odoratum s.lat.47Dg
Agrostis capillaris47Dg
Ceratodon purpureus44Dg
Pimpinella saxifraga42Dg
Festuca ovina42Dg, Dm
Artemisia campestris42Dg
Galium verum agg.37Dg
Eryngium campestre37Dg
Cerastium arvense37Dg
Carex hirta37Dg
Trifolium campestre35Dg
Thymus serpyllum35Dg
Sedum sexangulare35Dg
Arrhenatherum elatius35

dominant species

speciesvalueother
Festuca valesiaca16Dg
Festuca rupicola14Dg, C
Festuca ovina14Dg, C

Syntaxons and their status

(based on Moravec a kol., 1995)

Diantho deltoidis-Armerietum (EN) Thymo angustifolii-Festucetum ovinae (VU) Cerastio arvensis-Festucetum trachyphyll (VU) Armerio-Festucetum (VU) Erysimo diffusi-Agrostietum capillaris (VU) syn.: Erysimo diffusi-Festucetum ovinae (NT)

Photos

 
Kučera, T. [ed.] 2005: Red book on Habitats of the Czech Republic. URL: http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/eng.